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Patron Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (LatinPatriciusIrishPádraig [ˈpˠaːd̪ˠɾˠəɟ]WelshPadrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of Ireland, the other patron saints being Brigit of Kildare and Columba. Patrick was never formally canonised,[2] having lived prior to the current laws of the Catholic Church in these matters. Nevertheless, he is venerated as a Saint in the Catholic Church and in the Eastern Orthodox Church, where he is regarded as equal-to-the-apostles and Enlightener of Ireland. He is also regarded as a Saint within the framework of their respective doctrine by the Anglican Communion and the Lutheran Churches.[3]

The dates of Patrick's life cannot be fixed with certainty, but there is broad agreement that he was active as a missionary in Ireland during the fifth century. Nevertheless, as the most recent biography[4] on Patrick shows, a late fourth-century date for the saint is not impossible.[5] Early medieval tradition credits him with being the first bishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland, and regards him as the founder of Christianity in Ireland, converting a society practicing a form of Celtic polytheism. He has been generally so regarded ever since, despite evidence of some earlier Christian presence in Ireland.

According to the autobiographical Confessio of Patrick, when he was about sixteen, he was captured by Irish pirates from his home in Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland, looking after animals; he lived there for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After becoming a cleric, he returned to northern and western Ireland. In later life, he served as a bishop, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had already come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland.

Saint Patrick's Day is observed on 17 March, the supposed date of his death. It is celebrated inside and outside Ireland as a religious and cultural holiday. In the dioceses of Ireland, it is both a solemnity and a holy day of obligation; it is also a celebration of Ireland itself.


Take the Saint Patrick Quiz and test your knowledge.

1. St. Patrick's Day is used to celebrate the _____?

A.  Day St. Patrick was born
Day St. Patrick died
C.  Day St. Patrick entered Ireland
D.  Day St. Patrick escaped slavery

2. St. Patrick was born in Ireland?

A.  True

3. According to legend, which animal did St. Patrick chase out of Ireland?

A.  Monkeys
B.  Tigers
C.  Snakes
D.  Rats

4. How many leaves does the Shamrock have ?

A.  3
B.  4
C.  5

5. Which color was originally associated with St. Patrick ?

A.  Orange
B.  Blue
C.  Green
D.  Red

6. Which of these is a nickname for Ireland?

A.  Island of Snakes
B.  Angel Island
C.  Island of Dolphins
The Emerald Isle

7. Which of these dishes is commonly eaten on St. Patrick’s Day in the United States?

A.  Corned beef and cabbage
B.  Ring cake
C.  Sausage and sauerkraut

8. The United States is home to the famous St. Patrick’s Cathedral in which city?

A.  New Orleans, Louisiana
New York, New York
C.  Boston, Massachusetts
D.  Phoenix, Arizona

1-B, 2-B, 3-C, 4-A, 5-B, 6-D, 7-A, 8-B